Cystitis in early pregnancy all methods of treatment

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Cystitis in early pregnancy all methods of treatment

Cystitis in early pregnancy: all treatments

Cystitis in early pregnancy: all treatments

Cystitis – a disease of inflammatory nature in the bladder. This disease is quite common, with illiterate treatment or in its absence, can lead to inflammation of other organs located in the pelvis, kidneys and the urinary system as a whole. Typically, it is women who suffer from cystitis, and this is explained by the structure of the urethra (the canal in women is wide and short, and it is not difficult for pathogenic bacteria to penetrate it).

Women fall ill with cystitis in the very first weeks of gestation due to reduced immunity and a huge change in hormonal levels during this period. The disease can lead to serious complications both for the health of the mother and for the proper development of the embryo, and therefore requires immediate treatment. Not all women understand that if cystitis occurs during pregnancy in the early stages – treatment is necessary.

The content of the article

  • Causes of frequent cystitis in pregnant women
  • The danger of cystitis in early pregnancy
  • Drug treatment in the early stages
  • Permitted Drugs
  • Relatively safe drugs
  • What categorical can not
  • Treatment of folk remedies
  • Phytopreparations
  • Alternative methods (heating pad, bath, etc.)
  • Prevention
  • Influence of cystitis on fertility
  • Video
  • Causes of frequent cystitis in pregnant women

    Symptoms of cystitis during pregnancy often ahead of the very news about the situation. After all, the disease very often occurs in the very first weeks of gestation, when a pregnant woman does not know what is already waiting for the child.

    Cystitis in the early stages of pregnancy is accompanied by symptoms such as:

    • burning sensation when urinating;
    • body temperature rises;
    • there are frequent urge to urinate at short intervals (including false ones), while the woman can excrete a very small amount of urine and constantly feels that the bladder is not fully released;
    • in the urine you can notice blood or even pus;
    • isolated urine is turbid and has a putrid odor;
    • pain and discomfort are felt in the pelvis and urinary canal.

    E. coli, chlamydia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococcus – these pathogenic microorganisms and various fungi are most often the basis for the development of cystitis, including in the first weeks of pregnancy, since during this period the hormonal background and the bacterial microflora of mucous membranes change dramatically. Dangerous microbes are able to penetrate into the urethra after intercourse, or the disease occurs as a result of improper adherence to the rules of hygiene.

    Causes of cystitis:

    1. Immune weakening. In the first weeks of gestation, tremendous changes occur in the woman’s body and he purposefully weakens his own immunity so that the defenses do not perceive the fetus as a foreign body and do not drive it out, that is, in order to avoid a miscarriage. A woman’s body cannot cope with its main function of protecting against foreign and pest organisms, which leads to the penetration and reproduction of bacteria that lived on the mucous membranes even before the onset of gestation, and now they have liothyronine bodybuilding completely disarmed.
    2. With the exacerbation of diseases of the urogenital system, which are of a chronic nature, the risk of adding a secondary infection in the form of cystitis increases.
    3. Long-term use of drugs that are excreted in the urine and cause irritation of the urinary organs. Metabolites and other components of these medicines can provoke cystitis, reduce the body’s immune defense and alter hormonal levels.
    4. Hypothermia and colds often lead to cystitis in pregnant women. A woman should take care of her health and keep her legs, lower back, abdomen and external genital organs warm; you should wear warm clothing according to the weather from natural materials. It is worth remembering that now she is responsible not only for her health, but also for the condition of the child.
    5. Overheating. Visiting hot baths and saunas, hot baths provoke a change in the composition of the microflora and can cause the development of cystitis.
    6. Allergic reactions to various environmental factors are the reason for the reproduction of dangerous bacteria in the urinary tract and bladder. The cause may be allergies to hygiene and cosmetics, food products and personal care products.
    7. Stress states. Oddly enough, when a person experiences a nervous strain or is experiencing something, he has exacerbated chronic diseases.
    8. Infectious processes in other organs that go to cystitis.
    9. Wearing close synthetic underwear, including strings.
    10. Stasis of urine and pressure of the enlarged uterus in the early stages. It should be as often as possible to go to the toilet for a small need.

    The danger of cystitis in early pregnancy

    Cystitis occurs on average almost 60% of all women in the position, most often it occurs in the first weeks and months. If you start this disease and treat it lightly, then there may be serious complications in the form of pyelonephritis and inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder. Most often, the disease occurs at the very beginning of pregnancy, when pathogens and infections attack the urogenital system of women. This is due to pronounced changes in hormonal levels and structural features of the female body.

    Cystitis in the early stages of pregnancy occurs in an infectious or non-infectious form.

    Among the main causes of non-infectious inflammation of the bladder are:

    • weakening the immunity of women;
    • intestinal dysbiosis;
    • overwork;
    • colpitis (vaginal dysbacteriosis);
    • hypothermia;
    • irritation and / or damage to the bladder mucosa.

    If earlier – before pregnancy – a woman had cystitis, and the illness acquired a chronic character, then at the time of gestation the disease will definitely be felt. Therefore, even during the planning period, the expectant mother should worry about getting rid of all chronic diseases threatening a relapse, and strengthen the immune system.

    Infectious form occurs as a result of the so-called "opportunistic microflora" and is caused by dangerous pathogens:

    • E. coli;
    • staphylococci or streptococci;
    • vaginal trichomonads;
    • ureaplasmas;
    • chlamydia;
    • mycoplasmas and others

    Any disease with the wrong treatment has its consequences: it moves to other organs, acquires the status of "chronic" and generally weakens the immune system. It is especially dangerous to start the disease during gestation, as the infection can adversely affect the health of the mother and the fetus, including causing disruption of its development when it is not completely protected, and even death, followed by miscarriage.

    What happens if you do not treat or start cystitis in the first trimester:

    1. Pyelonephritis. Pathogens through the channels and through the blood are able to move up into the kidneys. Inflammation of the kidneys is called pyelonephritis and is characterized by high fever and sharp pain in the lumbar region. This disease requires immediate hospitalization and long-term antibiotic treatment (most often intramuscular injections are given), an ultrasound scan and a doctor’s observation.
    2. A baby is born with a weight less than the standard – one of the possible consequences of cystitis during gestation.
    3. Premature and prolonged labor, which can harm the health of the baby.

    To avoid such consequences, you should immediately consult a doctor at the first signs of cystitis, and in no case should you engage in self-treatment. The therapist will prescribe those drugs that do not harm the fetus, and which can be taken during gestation in the first weeks.

    Drug treatment in the early stages

    During pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, the treatment of any disease, including cystitis, may be approved drugs – antibiotics, which are absolutely harmless to the health of the baby.

    In the first weeks the fetus is vulnerable, the placenta is in the developmental stage and cannot protect the baby from the harmful effects of the components of certain drugs. If you do not consult with your doctor and buy the drug at the pharmacy yourself, then various complications that may affect the development of the fetus are possible in the future.

    Permitted Drugs

    On the modern pharmaceutical market there are medicines and drugs that are allowed to take with cystitis in pregnant women – treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician. It is unacceptable in the first trimester to engage in self-treatment, since only a doctor can correctly advise what is possible for pregnant women with cystitis.

    Canephron

    It is a popular herbal medicine and the first among the medicines prescribed by doctors, and therefore it can be taken in the first trimester of gestation. The drug reduces the degree of inflammation, relieves spasms and pain and improves urine flow.

    The structure of Canephron includes:

    • roots lovage medicinal;
    • centaury grass;
    • rosemary leaves;
    • other substances (silicon dioxide, lactose monohydrate, corn starch).

    The use of Kanefron helps to reduce pain when urinating in the ureter and bladder. Tablets need to be taken three times a day for two or more weeks – the duration depends on the severity of the disease.

    You can not take Canephron, if you have a duodenal ulcer and stomach, as well as individual intolerance to the components.

    The structure of Urolesan includes:

    • castor, fir and mint oils;
    • field carrot seeds;
    • hop cones extract;
    • oregano leaves.